The Australian Galah


Galah Fact File

Galah, Eolophus roseicapillus


The Galah is one of the most abundant and familiar of the Australian parrots and is found in large flocks in a variety of timbered habitats, usually near water. It occurs over most of Australia, including some offshore islands, and is becoming more abundant around areas of human habitation. The growth in population is largely a result of increasing availability of food and water. Escaped aviary birds have also contributed to these numbers.

Galahs form huge, noisy flocks which feed on seeds, mostly from the ground. Seeds of grasses and cultivated crops are eaten, making these birds agricultural pests in some areas. Galahs may travel large distances in search of favourable feeding grounds.

Galahs form permanent pair bonds, although a bird will take a new partner if the other one dies. The breeding season is variable, but is mainly from February to July in the north and July to December in the south. The nest is a tree hollow or similar location, lined with leaves. Both sexes incubate the eggs and care for the three or four young. There is a high chick mortality in Galahs, with up to 50 % dying in their first six months.


Throughout Australia

Forests and woodlands, coastal heath


35 cm

A high-pitched screech of 'chi-chi' which is loud when in large groups
Accessed March 2005


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